Dentistry has been practiced for over 4600 years. The earliest known reference to a dentist is that of an Egyptian scribe known as Hesy-Re who has an inscription on his tomb that reads “the greatest of those who deal with teeth, and of physicians.” Some of the earliest crowns were gold crowns made by the Etruscans around 166 AD of the Tuscany area from what is now Italy. In modern times, the gold crown is often considered the strongest, most durable and almost indestructible restoration possible in dentistry. Even many esthetically oriented dentists appreciate the value of using gold crowns for restoring the second molars in the human dentition. This is because the second molars experience the most force out of all of our teeth (assuming there are no wisdom teeth present). The reason for this is that our jaws functions like a class two lever system. The TMJ (temperomandibular joint) is the fulcrum and the closer you go toward this fulcrum, the more force is experienced. Our jaw resembles a nutc ...